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Castles and Historic Buildings of Scotland, England, Wales and Ireland

 Castles of Scotland - Dumbarton Castle






Location
Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, Scotland

Description
Dumbarton Castle sits on a plug of volcanic basalt known as Dumbarton Rock and overlooks the town of Dumbarton. Most of the medieval castle has disappeared, and most structures remaining today are the fortifications of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The castle has a shop and museum on the site. There are 547 steps throughout the castle making the property unsuitable for visitors using wheelchairs or with limited mobility.

History
Dumbarton Rock has been used as a defensive position since the Iron Age. In medieval Scotland, Dumbarton Castle was an important royal castle. King David II (Robert the Bruce's son) and his wife, Queen Joan took refuge there after the Scottish defeat at Halidon Hill near Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1333. Mary, Queen of Scots sheltered at the castle for several months in 1548, after the Battle of Pinkie, east of Edinburgh before moving to France. The castle was taken by Oliver Cromwell's troops in 1652. The castle declined in importance after the death of Oliver Cromwell in 1658. New defences were built in the 18th century in response to threats posed by Jacobites. The military left Dumbarton Castle in 1865, although the army used it again during World War I and World War II.


Other Castles in the Area
  Barr Castle, Renfrewshire
  Buchanan Castle, Stirling
  Carrick Castle, Argyll and Bute
  Castle Levan, Inverclyde
  Craigend Castle, East Dunbartonshire
  Culcreuch Castle, Stirling
  Duchal Castle, Inverclyde
  Johnstone Castle, Renfrewshire
  Kelburn Castle, Ayrshire
  Law Castle, Ayrshire
  Mugdock Castle, Glasgow
  Newark Castle, Renfrewshire
  Portencross Castle, Ayrshire
  Skelmorlie Castle, Ayrshire
  Stanely Castle, Renfrewshire







Stanely Castle
Dumbarton Castle. A long shot from across the River Clyde near the start of the M8. South of the centre of Dumbarton rises the 240ft high twin peaked volcanic plug of Dumbarton Rock.

Photograph by Dave Hitchborne. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Stanely Castle
Dumbarton Castle viewed from across the Clyde at Westferry.

Photograph by Thomas Nugent. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)


 Dumbarton Castle map