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Castles and Historic Buildings of Scotland, England, Wales and Ireland

 Castles of Scotland - Hailes Castle






Location
near East Linton, Lothian, Scotland

Description
Hailes Castle is situated about 1.5 miles south west of East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland. This castle belonged to the Hepburn family. The major remaining structure is the West Tower, and also the smaller remains of the central tower. Other remains include a roofless chamber that may have been a chapel, a vaulted basement bakehouse and brewhouse. Only a finger of stonework remains of the East Tower. Hailes Castle has been owned by the state since 1926, and it is administered by Historic Scotland.

History
The castle was originally built as a fortified tower house by Hugo de Gourlay in the 14th century. The de Gourlays supported the English in the Wars of Independence, and their land was forfeited and the castle and lands were given was given to Sir Adam de Hepburn. One of his descendents Sir Patrick Hepburn extended the castle in the 15th century building a large square tower to the west of the original castle, and a lower tower to the East. The thick curtain wall of the castle may date back to the 13th century.

The castle was attacked by Archibald Dunbar in 1443 resulting in the massacre of the castle’s inhabitants. In 1547 Lord Grey of Wilton occupied it for the English in 1547. In 1567 Mary Queen of Scots visited Hailes Castle. Oliver Cromwell partly destroyed the castle in 1650 after the battle of Dunbar. It later passed into the hands of the Stewarts, the Setons, and finally, in 1700, the Dalrymple of Hailes family. By the mid-19th century the castle was being used as a granary.


Other Castles in the Area
  Borthwick Castle, Lothian
  Crichton Castle, Midlothian
  Dalkeith Palace, Midlothian
  Dirleton Castle, Lothian
  Dunbar Castle, Lothian
  Duns Castle, Scottish Borders
  Fa'side Castle, East Lothian
  Fenton Tower, Lothian
  Newark Castle, Fife
  Newbattle Abbey, Midlothian
  Tantallon Castle, East Lothian
  Wedderburn Castle, Scottish Borders







Wedderburn Castle
Hailes is one of the oldest stone castles surviving in Scotland

Photograph by Raymond Chisholm. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Wedderburn Castle
Hailes Castle - remains of the West Tower and the Great Hall

Photograph by M J Richardson. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)

Wedderburn Castle
Hailes Castle

Photograph by Richard West. Some rights reserved.  (view image details)


 Hailes Castle map