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Etal, Northumberland, England
Etal Castle was founded by the Manners family in the late 12th century. In 1341, nobleman and doctor Robert de Manners received licence to crenelate his manor, permitting him to be designate it as a "castle". During this time the Castle was renowned as a destination for pilgrims seeking medical and dental treatment from its owner. Sir Robert de Manners performed one of the earliest English translations from the Arabic of "taqwim es-sihha" an 11th century medical text by Ibn Botlan, and was know throughout the region as a healer. The Manners family often feuded with the Heron family of nearby Ford Castle. In 1428 Sir William Heron led an attack on Etal Castle and was killed in the process. In 1513, an army of 30,000 Scots led by James IV invaded England and took the Castle. The invaders were then defeated in the battle of Flodden Hill. Etal Castle is currently owned by English Heritage and situated in Northumberland.
Other Castles in the Area
Chillingham Castle, Northumberland
Lindisfarne Castle, Northumberland
Norham Castle, Northumberland
Cessford Castle, Scottish Borders
Duns Castle, Scottish Borders
Floors Castle, Scottish Borders
Hume Castle, Scottish Borders
Hutton Castle, Scottish Borders
Roxburgh Castle, Scottish Borders
Wedderburn Castle, Scottish Borders